kommt keiner fort, und wieder wird ihm Welt. The "ihn" continues the use of masculine for both partners which is concluded in the next main clause with "ihm. around and insist that he look backwards That some day emerging at last from the terrifying visionI may burst into jubilant praise to assenting angelsThat of the … into the great open spaces. and there it was breath. Wer hat uns also umgedreht, daß wir, [24] ein stummes: An anastrophe. [6] [27] . [39] Schooße Epenthesis. Continuing with another neologism it could be translated as "no-ness." Note the usage of "Antlitz" instead of "Gesicht." Although prose works, the Elegien are written in a rarified poetic language which is not simple even for native Germans. Hyperbaton: A figure of speech, such as anastrophe or hysteron proteron, using deviation from normal or logical word order to produce an effect. . Wir ordnens. Rilke seems to see being separated from the womb as an adrogenous state of being, not in a sexual sense, but rather being neither here nor there in an existential sense. O Seligkeit der k l e i n e n [37] Kreatur, Assonance: The repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds, especially in stressed syllables. A comparison is being made between the bird hatching from its egg into the womb-like nest and the soul of the Etruscan leaving its sarcaphogas which has an image of the dead person on its cover. [45] eins: Antecedent for the following relative clause. doch mit der ruhenden Figur als Deckel. Lovers, were not the other there, who der beinah beides [41] weiß [42] aus seinem Ursprung, als Fallen, rings um ihren freien Ausgang. Hyperbaton: A figure of speech, such as anastrophe or hysteron proteron, using deviation from normal or logical word order to produce an effect. Hyperbaton: A figure of speech, such as anastrophe or hysteron proteron, using deviation from normal or logical word order to produce an effect. wir nur auf ihr die Spiegelung des Frei′n. von einem, welcher fortgeht? Translations include: “With all its eyes the creature-world beholds / the open. Bird = Soul of Etruscan (Etruscan imagry saw soul as a bird). [28] Wäre: "Wenn Bewußtheit unsrer Art in dem sicheren Tier wäre. There is an English slang phrase "nowheresville" as in "to be from nowheresville" which captures this idea. Mother's body = dead body. Konjunktiv und Konjunktiv des Perfekts) auf, besonders dann, wenn die Wahrscheinlichkeit der Aussage betont werden soll . as turned around and placed like traps around it, . Was draußen ist, wir wissens [2] aus des Tiers Wie vor sich selbst, erschreckt, durchzuckts die Luft, wie wenn ein Sprung. Simile using "wie" twice. We put it in order. All such constructions are in the neuter gender. thus we live and constantly take leave. The soul of the Etruscan having risen from its dead body (corresponding to the mother bird's live body) is within the sarcophagas which corresponds to the egg. Oder jener [13] stirbt und i s t s [14]. in anderer Richtung --, [29] riß [30] es uns herum [31] Here it means to "be close to staring with the vision of an animal.". Iambic: In Latin poetry, an iamb was a metrical unit, a foot, consisting of a short syllable followed by a long. Dez 2018, 21:47 ... Ich musste unwillkürlich an Rilke denken (Die zitierten Zeilen sollen nur Anstoß zum Weiterlesen sein. Note the syncope on "andre." Also note the pleanostic"e"Epenthesis: The insertion of a sound in the middle of a word, as in Middle English "thunder" from Old English "thunor." the self-assured animal, which draws towards us gerüttelt. De klassieke elegie De Griekse elegie. Apocope: The loss of one or more sounds from the end of a word. This Elegie is a transition from the highly positive Seventh Elegie to the conciliatory messages of the last two Elegien. We are told that the bird is aware of both homes--that of the womb and that of the outside world--from its "Ursprung." als wär [43] er eine Seele der Etrusker, selbst wenn sie Hochzeit hat: denn Schooß ist Alles. And we, spectators, always, everywhere, So rips the trace Elegie. und stammt aus einem Schooß. that which is pure, the unwatched-over, which one breathes and What is out there, we know only from the animal's kommt keiner fort, und wieder wird [20] ihm Welt. [30] riß: apocope of the Konjunktiv II form "risse." And how overwhelmed is one, who must fly The six figures in the painting loosely correspond to the five figures in the Elegie. [46] stammt von einem Schooß Hyperbaton. The nest replicates the opened egg from which the bird has hatched. This would corroborate the image as representing the first time the bird springs from its egg. und vor sich Gott, und wenn es geht, so gehts, den reinen Raum vor uns, in den die Blumen, das Reine, Unüberwachte, das man atmet und, unendlich weiß und nicht begehrt. unendlich, ungefaßt und ohne Blick [8] nie, nicht einen einzigen Tag:Epanorthosis since "nie" is further precised. Nach der ersten Heimat. Normal order would be "ein stummes Tier." [48] allen: The collective "alle" can be used as a quasi-pronoun and therefore is not capitalized in the dative case. There are three examples of Sperrdruck in this sentence alone, which is the largest concentration so far in the Elegien, pointing out the significance of this image. That word again. All such constructions are in the neuter gender. Normal word order would be "in jener Haltung von einem sind, welcher fortgeht" Hyperbaton: A figure of speech, such as anastrophe or hysteron proteron, using deviation from normal or logical word order to produce an effect. Problematic is that precisely this concept is the antecedent of "an dies" The later editions avoid the conundrum by capitalizing "Stilln," thereby making the meaning [and the translation] easier as "one loses oneself in the stillness to this" In the "Turn und Taxis Handschrift" the "S" of "Stilln" is definitely capitalized. Und wir: Zuschauer, immer, überall, Als Kind, verliert sich eins im stilln an dies und wird, Denn nah am Tod sieht man den Tod nicht mehr. THE EIGHTH DUINO ELEGY . Duineser Elegien 8 - Ein Gedicht von Rainer Maria Rilke auf zgedichte.de - eine der grössten Sammlungen klassischer Gedichte des deutschsprachigen Internet. When the soul leaves its dead body, it also must pass through another similar container, i.e. We put it again in order and collapse ourselves. [36] zwitterig: An unusual word in German which means "hermaphroditical" and also serves as a negative symbol: Sprach-Brockhaus: "'gespaltenes Wesen', Sinnbild einer unglücklichen, unausgeglichenen Mischung." Normal would be "Denn die Erinnerung, die uns oft überwältigt, haftet auch ihm immer an." and comes from a womb. . Hyperbaton: A figure of speech, such as anastrophe or hysteron proteron, using deviation from normal or logical word order to produce an effect. "Nirgends" means "nowhere" or perhaps more precisely "nowhereness." ", [3] des Tiers Antlitz: "dem Antlitz des Tiers." In German, all that is needed is to capitalize the word, be it verb, adverb, pronoun, past or present participle or conjunjction, and add the requisite case endings, if any. and before itself God, and when it goes, it goes and nothing more than that and always opposite. Rilke’s Late Poetry: Duino Elegies, The Sonnets to Orpheus, and Selected Last Poems,translated by Graham Good (Vancouver: Ronsdale Press, 2005). und starrt hinaus, vielleicht mit großem Tierblick. wie umgekehrt und ganz um sie gestellt turned toward everything and never outward! so leben wir und nehmen immer Abschied. [21] Der Schöpfung immer zugewendet: Past participle phrase beginning sentence set off with a comma. no matter what we do, are in that posture [40] i n n e n: Third Sperrdruck pointing out that the gnat is still womb-based when it procreates; for the gnat the womb is everything and everywhere. Wir ordnens. The word "Gestalt" is basically untranslatable, as seen by the psychological school of thought called "Gestalt theory." Sperrdruck: Spaced type formerly used for Italics and found in the Elegien. its second one is schismatic and windy. [14] i s t s: Second use of Sperrdruck in this Elegie. behind the other . dem letzten Hügel, der ihm ganz sein Tal durch eine Tasse geht. ein stummes, [24] aufschaut, [25] ruhig durch uns durch. was wir auch tun, in jener Haltung sind [50] beyond it, and again it becomes world to him. noch einmal zeigt, sich wendet, anhält, weilt -. Dieses heißt Schicksal: gegenüber sein die immer b l e i b t [38] im Schooße, [39] der sie austrug; The "es" has been left out, because the sentence begins with "wieder.". Difference between the normal word "face" and the poetic words "visage" or "countenance. A definition in Websters Unabridged Dictionary of "open" captures the meaning: "the open, the unenclosed or unobstructed country, the outdoors. wenden wir um und zwingens, daß es rückwärts Doch sein Sein ist ihm. . Wäre [28] Bewußtheit unsrer Art in dem An der Entstehung der Duineser Elegien ist bemerkenswert, „daß ein schmales lyrisches Werk, ein Zyklus von zehn Elegien, über einen Zeitraum von eineinhalb Jahrzehnten hinweg so ausschließlich das Dasein seines Autors bestimmt, daß biographisch und literarisch kaum anderes daneben Eigengewicht zu erlangen vermochte.“ Nahezu alles, was Rilke in der Zeit nach dem Malte beeinflusste, sollte später in die Arbeit an den Duineser Elegien Eingang finden. Es zerfällt. [33] Denn ihm auch haftet immer an, was uns oft überwältigt,-- die Erinnerung: The verb "anhaften" used with the dative means "to cling to" or "to be attached to." [46] Wie vor sich selbst which is so deep in the animal's face. [47] So reißt die Spur [10] Nirgends ohne Nicht: Nominalisierung. After the first home Sprach-Brockhaus: "mehr, besser als es: über alle Begriffe schön." [25] aufschaut: Hyperbaton. [32] geheilt: Hyperbaton. unendlich zärtlich. Outside of the womb it is windy, since we have lost the comforting concealment thereof. endlessly knows and does not covet. Note the "halbe Sicherheit" The egg contained the bird before hatching served as a womb. den reinen Raum vor uns, in den [9] die Blumen The eighth Elegy, in fact, carries Rilke’s most extended meditation on what consciousness is, both as an internal cognitive capacity and as something that takes place in time and space. How he upon the Gewicht und Sorge einer großen Schwermut. [41] beides Since the antecedent is "Heimaten" which is plural one would expect "beide." Scesis onamaton: Omission of the only verb of a sentence. As in the Fifth Elegie" with the springing of the acrobat the word could have the double meaning of "origin" and "primal spring or jump." [11] Als Kind Normal word order would be "Oder daß ein stummes Tier ruhig durch uns durch aufschaut . . O bliss of the s m a l l creature, It means a structure which exhibits a wholeness in such a way, that all elements therof are inextricably linked. First example of Sperrdruck. Gewicht und Sorge einer großen Schwermut. [16] der andre: Being non-capitalized it must refer back to "Liebende" which means "the lovers. und niemals Nirgends ohne Nicht: [10] [9] in den: Note the accusative which indicates that the "flowers" literally "go up into "pure space.". last hill, which once again fully shows him Was draußen ist, wir wissens aus des Tiers, Antlitz allein; denn schon das frühe Kind, wenden wir um und zwingens, daß es rückwärts. The faces of the beasts show what truly IS to us: we who up-end the infant and force its sight to fix upon things and shapes, not the Normal word order would be "Wie aus Versehn ist ihnen hinter dem andern aufgetan . und nichts als das und immer gegenüber. [37] k l e i n e n: Third Sperrdruck and first of three instances thereof in this sentence alone to especially accentuate the strangeness of a gnat which is born into the world so that the world is its womb. Here everything is distance von uns verdunkelt. [35] Hier ist alles Abstand, This elegy is founded on Rilke’s knowledge of Picasso’s painting Les Saltimbanques (he lived, from June to October 1915, in the house where the original hung, in … The word "schismatic" seems more expressive of the "gespaltenes Wesen" than the more limited word "hermaphroditical." The structure of this sentence allows the subject to be placed last for emphasis, as in Elegie5. unending, ungrasped and without regard to De elegieën van Duino van Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926) zijn een ab­soluut hoogtepunt in de West-Europese poëziegeschiedenis. Frau Hertha Koenig zugeeignet: Frau Hertha Koenig owned the Picasso painting "La famille des saltimbanques," now in the National Gallery in Washington, having bought it at Rilke's urging.He was able to spend several months alone in her appartment where he could view it every day. In addition to these single-author translations, I have consulted the various translations of the individual Elegies that appear in Rilke “Duino Elegies”: Cambridge Readings , edited by Roger Paulin and Peter Hutchinson (London: Duckworth, 1996). Adding emphasis to the theme of the dual nature of life, death being an equal part. [12] im stilln an dies: Since "stilln" is not capitalized, it must be an adjective and refer back to a previously-mentioned noun. : Synaloepha for "durchzuckt es." auf seinen Zustand, rein, so wie sein Ausblick. [2] wissens: Hyperbaton caused by the synaloepha without an apostrophe. Normal word order would be "das uns in anderer Richtung entgegenzieht.". [47] Wie vor sich selbst erschreckt, durchzuckts die Luft, wie wenn ein Sprung durch eine Tasse geht. verliert sich eins im stilln an dies [12] und wird Uns überfüllts.

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